PROTECTION STATUS: Endangered
YEAR LISTED: 2002
CRITICAL HABITAT: 202 acres in Onslow and Pender counties, North Carolina, designated in 2011
RECOVERY PLAN: None
RANGE: The northeast Cape Fear River watershed in Onslow and Pender counties, North Carolina
THREATS: Habitat alteration resulting from fire suppression; residential, commercial, and industrial development; highway and utility expansion; right-of-way management with herbicides; mining; and wetland drainage activities associated with silviculture, agriculture and development projects
POPULATION TREND: Although little is known about natural population fluctuations in this species, severe population declines exceeding 83 percent were noted between 1992 and 1996 at three of the plant's eight remaining sites.