PROTECTION STATUS: Listed as threatened in 2017
CRITICAL HABITAT: None
RANGE: Primarily Hawaii Island and Maui, with small populations on Oahu, Kauai and Molokai
THREATS: Climate change, disease, urban and agricultural development, nonnative species
POPULATION TREND: The 'i'iwi population is estimated at 360,000 birds, with about 90 percent of these on Hawaii Island and the remainder mostly on east Maui. Population trends show declines on all islands, but with some stability in areas above 1,250 meters in elevation, where disease incidence is currently low or absent.