PROTECTION STATUS: Endangered
YEAR PLACED ON LIST: 1989
CRITICAL HABITAT: None
RECOVERY PLAN: 1994
RANGE: Three mountaintops in Shenandoah National Park; occupied habitats may extend to additional peaks beyond the park's boundary
THREATS: Habitat destruction, degradation and fragmentation due to road and trail construction/maintenance within Shenandoah National Park; invasive species; acid rain; and climate change
POPULATION TREND: The species' status is uncertain but likely declining.