Center for Biological Diversity

For Immediate Release, March 15, 2016

Contacts:  Sarah Uhlemann, Center for Biological Diversity, (206) 327-2344,  
Abby Berman Cohen, IFAW, (646) 695-7044,
Raúl Arce-Contreras, HSI/HSUS, (301) 721-6440,
Rodi Rosensweig Zimmerman, Born Free USA, (203) 270-8929,  

Pangolins, World’s Most Trafficked Mammals,
Move Closer to U.S. Endangered Species Act Protection

More Than 1 Million Pangolins Trafficked From 2006 to 2015

WASHINGTON— Responding to a scientific petition by conservation groups, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today said Endangered Species Act protections may be warranted for seven species of pangolin, one of the most sought-after and poached wild animals in the world. With more than 1.1 million pangolins estimated to have been trafficked globally from 2006 through 2015, Born Free USA, the Center for Biological Diversity, Humane Society International (HSI), The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) and the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) petitioned to protect the species in July 2015.

Photo Courtesy Tikki Hywood Trust. Photos are available for media use.

Following today’s preliminary positive finding on the petition, the Fish and Wildlife Service will now invite information from scientists and the public about the pangolins’ status and threats to determine whether an endangered listing would be appropriate.
“This is an important first step in the fight to protect pangolins,” said Jeff Flocken, North American regional director for the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW). “Pangolins have been silently killed and trafficked for far too long. It’s time to recognize the grave situation threatening the survival of the species and offer them the protections they rightfully deserve.”

Small and scaly, these armored creatures once inhabited vast portions of Asia and Africa. But pangolin populations are dwindling severely due to a massive and growing demand for their meat and scales, which are believed by some practitioners of East Asian medicine to have curative properties. Most illegally sourced pangolins are destined for markets in China and Vietnam, but demand for pangolins in the United States remains significant. Nearly 30,000 imports of pangolin products were seized in the United States between 2005 and 2014.

“The U.S. is a destination for parts and products of poached pangolins,” said Teresa M. Telecky, director of the wildlife department at Humane Society International. “In 2014, authorities seized more than 11 kilograms of traditional Asian medicines containing pangolin, and seized an additional 460 individual medicine containers that also had pangolin parts. Our research shows that these products are sold here in the U.S. both online and in stores. Listing all pangolin species as Endangered will end the role of the United States in this harmful trade.”

If the government moves forward with heightened protections under the Endangered Species Act, the import and interstate sale of all pangolins and pangolin parts would be prohibited in the United States, unless such activity can be shown to promote the conservation of the species.

“The Endangered Species Act is among the strongest conservation laws in the world, and listing all pangolin species under the Act will be a dramatic and positive step in saving the species from extinction, one that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is uniquely positioned to provide. We congratulate the Service in taking this important initial step,” said Adam M. Roberts, CEO of Born Free USA and the Born Free Foundation.

Currently, only one of the eight pangolin species — the Temminck’s ground pangolin from Africa — is protected as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. Because all species of pangolins so closely resemble each other that law-enforcement officials have difficulty distinguishing them, the groups also filed a “similarity of appearance” petition, which, according to today’s announcement, will be factored into the listing determination for the seven currently unprotected species.

“Pangolins are such amazing and odd creatures — like little tanks with tails,” said Sarah Uhlemann, international program director at the Center for Biological Diversity. “But if we don’t act now to protect them, these extraordinary animals will disappear from the planet forever.”

To learn more about pangolins and the efforts to protect them, please visit or

Born Free USA is a global leader in animal welfare and wildlife conservation. Through litigation, legislation, and public education, Born Free USA leads vital campaigns against animals in entertainment, exotic “pets,” trapping and fur, and the destructive international wildlife trade. Born Free USA brings to North America the message of “compassionate conservation” — the vision of the United Kingdom-based Born Free Foundation, established in 1984 by Bill Travers and Virginia McKenna, stars of the iconic film “Born Free,” along with their son Will Travers. Born Free’s mission is to end suffering of wild animals in captivity, conserve threatened and endangered species, and encourage compassionate conservation globally. More at;; and

The Center for Biological Diversity is a national, nonprofit conservation organization with more than 990,000 members and online activists dedicated to the protection of endangered species and wild places.

Humane Society International and its partner organizations together constitute one of the world’s largest animal protection organizations. For more than 20 years, HSI has been working for the protection of all animals through the use of science, advocacy, education and hands on programs. Celebrating animals and confronting cruelty worldwide — on the web at

The Humane Society of the United States is the nation’s largest animal protection organization, rated most effective by our peers. For 60 years, we have celebrated the protection of all animals and confronted all forms of cruelty. We are the nation’s largest provider of hands-on services for animals, caring for more than 100,000 animals each year, and we prevent cruelty to millions more through our advocacy campaigns. Read more about our 60 years of transformational change for animals, and visit us online at

Founded in 1969, IFAW saves animals in crisis around the world. With projects in more than 40 countries, IFAW rescues individual animals, works to prevent cruelty to animals, and advocates for the protection of wildlife and habitats. For more information, visit Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

Go back