Range & Status:
CA, Baja Mexico. This Perennial relative of the sunflower is restricted to San Diego and Riverside Counties, California and Baja California, Mexico, from Colonet to Lake Chapala. Its habitat is flat or sloping grasslands, often along valley bottoms or areas adjacent to vernal pools.

Threats:
Urban Development, road building, non-native plants, livestock grazing, off-road vehicles.

Listing History:
Original listing petition filed in 1978 by the Smithsonian Institution. Declared "warranted but precluded" for endangered listing on 10-13-83. Second listing petition filed on 1-9-97 by Center for Biodiversity and California Native Plant Society. 90-day finding issued by U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service following litigation on 4-9-99. Proposed endangered listed issued by U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service following litigation on 12-29-99.

Action To Be Taken:
Final listing rule.

graphic Andrew Rodman ©2002
May 21, 2003
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