Wild & Weird: Stone Age Chewing Gum Tells All
Around 3,700 B.C. a woman living in what's now Denmark chewed a wad of "gum" — gooey, heated birch bark — then spat it out. No doubt unaware that in the distant future, her spat-out gum would be a treasure trove.
Fast-forward to 2019: Excavating before construction of an underwater tunnel, scientists found that tiny piece of brown gum. From it they extracted a whole human genome. Their analysis offers unique clues about the life of the woman, now called Lola, and other Neolithic people.
Apparently Lola had hazelnuts and duck for dinner the day she chewed the gum. She had blue eyes, dark hair and dark skin, and was lactose intolerant. Her family were hunter-gatherers, not farmers, though agricultural communities were beginning to spring up in the area by then.
Read more at Live Science.