PROTECTION STATUS: Threatened
YEAR PLACED ON LIST: 1980
CRITICAL HABITAT: Approximately 12,000 acres in Riverside, California designated in 1980
RECOVERY PLAN: 1985
RANGE: Restricted to the Coachella Valley in Riverside County, California; typically found at elevations from near sea level to about 1,600 feet
THREATS: Off-road vehicles, urban sprawl, loss of sand sources, agriculture, exotic plant invasions, and utility projects
POPULATION TREND: By the mid-1970s, more than 50 percent of the Coachella Valley fringe-toed lizard’s historical habitat had been lost; by the 1990s, approximately 75 percent of habitat had been lost. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service defined the population as declining in 1990, and though the California Department of Fish and Game deemed the population “stable or at least not substantially declining” in 1999, the long-term population trend, according to NatureServe, is one of substantial decline.