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CENTER for BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY Because life is good
ABOUT ACTION PROGRAMS SPECIES NEWSROOM PUBLICATIONS SUPPORT

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ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT PROFILE

PROTECTION STATUS: Endangered

YEAR PLACED ON LIST: 1998

CRITICAL HABITAT: 9,603 acres in Southern California, including four areas within the greater Coachella Valley in Riverside County near Palm Springs, designated in 2013

RECOVERY PLAN: None

RANGE: Coachella Valley in Riverside County, California

THREATS: Habitat destruction due to urban development, off-road vehicle use, trampling, wind energy farms, sand and gravel mining, dams, and the introduction of nonnative plants

POPULATION TREND: During years of heavy rainfall, hundreds to thousands of seeds germinate, resulting in bountiful numbers of plants in a single area. Many of these fail to survive. During drought conditions, fewer than 20 plants are often the only survivors throughout the species’ range.

Photo courtesy of California Department of Fish and Game