ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT PROFILE

PROTECTION STATUS: Endangered

YEAR PLACED ON LIST: 1985

CRITICAL HABITAT: None

RECOVERY PLAN: None

RANGE: Upper Gulf of California, primarily around the Rocas Consag archipelago east of San Felipe in Baja California and near the Colorado River Delta

THREATS: Incidental bycatch in legal and illegal gillnets, commercial shrimp trawls, damming of the Colorado River and decreased freshwater input into the upper Gulf of California, coastal development, lack of genetic variability, pollution, and pesticides

POPULATION TREND: The entire population is now estimated to be fewer than 100 individuals and declining rapidly.

Vaquita photo by Paul Osen, NOAA