PROTECTION STATUS: Threatened
CRITICAL HABITAT: None
RECOVERY PLAN: Southern sea otter, approved 2003; northern sea otter, none
RANGE: Off the coasts of California, Washington, Canada, Alaska, Russia, and Japan
THREATS: Bycatch from commercial fisheries, predation by killer whales in unbalanced ecosystems, oil spills, and pollution
POPULATION TREND: Sea otters once numbered several hundred thousand. Yet the northern population has shrunk to approximately 6,000 individuals and is still dwindling. Though gradually recovering, the southern population today numbers around 2,300.