ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT PROFILE
PROTECTION STATUS: Endangered; nonessential, experimental population
YEAR PLACED ON LIST: Endangered 1976; nonessential, experimental population 1998
RECOVERY PLAN: 1982
CRITICAL HABITAT: Not required for species listed prior to 1978
RANGE: Currently limited to the Gila Headwaters ecosystem in eastern Arizona and western New Mexico
THREATS: Federal predator control, poaching, and trapping, genetic problems from inbreeding
POPULATION TREND: By the 1930s, Mexican gray wolves had been eliminated from the United States. Reintroduction of the Mexican gray wolf began in 1998, yet by 2013, the federal government had shot 12 wolves, accidentally killed 18 as a consequence of capture and captured 37 wolves that so far have been kept in captivity (most for a long time). The counted number of adult gray wolves remaining in the wild at the beginning of 2013 was 75, with three breeding pairs roaming free. Approximately 300 wolves survive in specialized facilities, zoos, and museums as part of a captive-breeding program.