PROTECTION STATUS: Threatened
YEAR PLACED ON LIST: 2006
CRITICAL HABITAT: 2,959 square miles designated in 2008
RECOVERY PLAN: None
RANGE: The Florida Keys, Bahamas, and Caribbean islands, including the U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico
THREATS: Global warming, agricultural runoff, increasingly frequent hurricanes, coral bleaching, disease, coastal development, overfishing, pollution, and ocean acidification
POPULATION TREND: Since the 1970s, Caribbean coral populations have collapsed throughout their range, declining by up to 97 percent.