PROTECTION STATUS: Not listed
RANGE: Intertidal habitats along the West Coast of North America from Sitka Island, Alaska, to Turtle Bay, Baja California
THREATS: Poaching, climate change and related ocean acidification and warming
POPULATION TREND: Pinto abalone have declined by at least 80 percent throughout their range. Following a ban on commercial harvest, populations continue to decline in most areas, with many places experiencing zero reproductive success, meaning that they are effectively extinct.