PROTECTION STATUS: Threatened
YEAR PLACED ON LIST: 1990
CRITICAL HABITAT: None
RECOVERY PLAN: 1993
RANGE: Formerly widespread on bluffs and cliffs along the Chesapeake Bay and the Connecticut River
THREATS: Habitat destruction, degradation, and fragmentation due to shoreline development; off-road vehicles use; pollution and pesticides; sea-level rise
POPULATION TREND: This species is declining.