PROTECTION STATUS: Endangered
YEAR PLACED ON LIST: 2001
CRITICAL HABITAT: 13 miles of stream in the Turkey Creek watershed in Jefferson County, Alabama designated in 2010
RECOVERY PLAN: 2007
RANGE: The Turkey Creek drainage in northeastern Jefferson County, Alabama
THREATS: Impoundments and water-quality degradation from inadequate wastewater treatment and non-point sources such as agriculture and urbanization
POPULATION TREND: The historic population size of the vermilion darter is unknown. However, a study published in 1999 showed the population to be between 1,847 and 3238 individuals, and by 2003, only 107 individuals could be located.