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CENTER for BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY Because life is good
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ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT PROFILE

PROTECTION STATUS: Threatened

YEAR PLACED ON LIST: 1986

CRITICAL HABITAT: 522.2 Arizona and New Mexico river miles designated in 2007

RECOVERY PLAN: 1991

RANGE: The Gila River basin in western New Mexico and Arizona

THREATS: Livestock grazing, dams, mining, logging, groundwater pumping, water diversion, and the introduction of nonnative species

POPULATION TREND: Loach minnows and spikedace were once common throughout much of the Verde, Salt, San Pedro, San Francisco, and Gila rivers. This range has been dramatically reduced and fragmented , and all existing populations are under threat.

Photo courtesy of USFWS