PROTECTION STATUS: Threatened
YEAR PLACED ON LIST: 1986
CRITICAL HABITAT: 522.2 Arizona and New Mexico river miles designated in 2007
RECOVERY PLAN: 1991
RANGE: The Gila River basin in western New Mexico and Arizona
THREATS: Livestock grazing, dams, mining, logging, groundwater pumping, water diversion, and the introduction of nonnative species
POPULATION TREND: Loach minnows and spikedace were once common throughout much of the Verde, Salt, San Pedro, San Francisco, and Gila rivers. This range has been dramatically reduced and fragmented , and all existing populations are under threat.