PROTECTION STATUS: Endangered
YEAR PLACED ON LIST: 1989
CRITICAL HABITAT: None
RECOVERY PLAN: 1992
RANGE: Portions of the Roanoke River, Pigg River, Nottoway River, Smith River and Dan River in Virginia and North Carolina
THREATS: Large and small dams; urbanization and its associated water quality degradation; water pollution from agricultural and silvicultural activities; pesticides; toxic chemical spills; and water withdrawals
POPULATION TREND: This species is likely declining.