PROTECTION STATUS: Threatened
YEAR PLACED ON LIST: 1990
CRITICAL HABITAT: 9.6 million acres designated in 2012
RECOVERY PLAN: 2012
RANGE: Southwestern British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, and Northern California
THREATS: Habitat loss and forest fragmentation due to old-growth forest logging, competition with barred owls, urban development, and disease
POPULATION TREND: The northern spotted owl was scraping by on just 12 percent of its former habitat by 1990. No more than 2,500 breeding pairs of northern spotted owls are believed to remain in the United States today, and efforts to monitor the population over the past 15 years continue to show a downward trend.