ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT PROFILE

PROTECTION STATUS: Delisted

RANGE: In the United States, nests along the Gulf and Atlantic coasts from Maryland to Florida and west to Texas

THREATS: Habitat loss and degradation, oil pollution, global climate change, parasites, hurricanes, human disturbance, entanglement in fishing gear

POPULATION TREND: Based on the most recent publicly available data, the total population of U.S. eastern brown pelican has held steady over the past decade at around 40,000 nesting pairs. The Gulf supports approximately 60 percent of the total U.S. population, and the number of nesting pelicans has declined in Louisiana, Florida, North Carolina and South Carolina. The effects of the 2010 BP oil spill on the pelican population are dire and will persist for decades.

Brown pelican photo by Glen Tepke