ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT PROFILE

PROTECTION STATUS: Not listed (delisted in 2004)

YEAR LISTED: First listed in 1970

CRITICAL HABITAT: None

RECOVERY PLAN: None

RANGE: The monarch is only found in forested and brushy areas on Tinian Island in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, a U.S. territory in the western Pacific Ocean east of the Philippines and south of Japan. Tinian is a 39-square-mile island located three islands north of Guam.

THREATS: Forest clearing for military activities, development and agriculture, disease, predation from rodents and cats, typhoons, climate change, potential invasion of its island by the predaceous brown tree snake

POPULATION TREND: The Tinian monarch’s population declined by approximately 39 percent between 1996 and 2008. The total estimated population is currently around 38,000 birds.

Tinian monarch photo by Devon Pike/Wikimedia Commons