ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT PROFILE

PROTECTION STATUS: eastern hellbender not listed; Ozark hellbender listed as endangered in 2011

PETITIONED: 2004

RANGE: Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia

THREATS: Poor water quality, unsustainable collection for the pet trade and scientific purposes, persecution by anglers, disease caused by chytrid fungus, stocking of predatory fish, loss of genetic diversity

POPULATION TREND: This species is declining throughout its range. The Ozark hellbender in southern Missouri and northern Arkansas is in especially alarming decline.

Hellbender photo by Ken Roblee, New York Department of Environmental Conservation