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RESEARCH PAPERS


ENDANGERED SPECIES

    • Collision Course: The Government’s Failing System for Protecting Florida Manatees from Deadly Boat Strikes. Center for Biological Diversity, September 2014.
 
   • Nourished by Wildfire: The Ecological Benefits of the Rim Fire and the Threat of Salvage Logging. Center for Biological Diversity and John Muir Projejct, January 2014.
    Deadly Waters: How Rising Seas Threaten 233 Endangered Species. Center for Biological Diversity, 2013.
    In Harm’s Way: How the U.S. State Department and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Have Ignored the Dangers of the Keystone XL Pipeline to Endangered Species. Burd, L., Greenwald, N., & Bradley, C., 2013.
    • Dying for Protection: The 10 Most Vulnerable, Least Protected Amphibians and Reptiles in the United States. Adkins Giese, C. 2013.
    • On Thin Ice: After Five Years on the Endangered Species List, Polar Bears Still Face a Troubling Future. 2013.
    • A Poor Track Record, but a Chance to Excel. Snape, W., 2013. The Environmental FORUM © Environmental Law Institute, www.eli.org) 30(1): 53.
    • On Time, On Target: How the Endangered Species Act Is Saving America's Wildlife. Suckling, K., Greenwald, N., Curry, T., 2012.
    • Protecting Rare Amphibians Under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Adkins Giese, C., FrogLog (May 2012): 21-23.
    • White-nose Syndrome Headed to a Cave Near You. Matteson, M. Desert Report (June 2011): 6-7.
    • Impact of Dunes Sagebrush Lizard on Oil and Gas Activities in New Mexico. Lininger, J. & Bradley, C., 2011 .
    • Not Too Late to Save the Polar Bear: A Rapid Action Plan to Address the Arctic Meltdown. Siegel, K., Cummings, B., Moritz, A. & Nowicki, B., 2007.
    • Status of the Bald Eagle in the Lower 48 States and the District of Columbia: 1963-2007. Suckling, K. & Hodges, W., 2007.
    • The Bureaucratically Imperiled Mexican Wolf. Povilitis, A., Parsons, D.R., Robinson, M.J., & Becker, C.D., 2006.
    • A Review of Northern Goshawk Habitat Selection in the Home Range and Implications for Forest Management in the Western United States. Greenwald, D. N., Crocker-Bedford, C., Broberg, l., & Suckling, K., 2005.
    • Suitable Habitat for Jaguars in New Mexico. Robinson, M., Bradley, C., Boyd, J., 2005.
    • Impacts of the 2003 Southern California Wildfires on Four Species Listed as Threatened or Endangered Under the Federal Endangered Species Act: Quino Checkerspot Butterfly, Mountain Yellow-legged Frog, Coastal California Gnatcatcher, Least Bell's Vireo. Bond, M. & Bradley, C., 2003.
    • A Conservation Alternative for the Management of the Four Southern California National Forests (Los Padres, Angeles, San Bernardino, Cleveland). Penrod, K., et al., 2002.
    • Analysis of Compliance by U.S. Forest Service Southwestern Region with Incidental Take Statements Issued by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Three Biological Opinions of 1999. Taylor, M. 2001.


ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT

    • Making Room for Wolf Recovery: The Case for Maintaining Endangered Species Act Protections for America’s Wolves. Center for Biological Diversity, Endangered Species Coalition, Defenders of Wildlife, November 2014.
    • A Wild Success: American Voices on the Endangered Species Act at 40. Center for Biological Diversity, Endangered Species Coalition, Defenders of Wildlife, February 2014.
    • On Time, On Target: How the Endangered Species Act Is Saving America's Wildlife. Suckling, K., Greenwald, N., Curry, T., 2012.
    • A Future for All: A Blueprint for Strengthening the Endangered Species Act. 2011.
    • Effects on Species’ Conservation of Reinterpreting the Phrase “Significant Portion of its Range” in the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Greenwald, N., 2009. Conservation Biology 23(6): 1375-1377.
    • State Endangered Species Acts. In Baur, D.C. & Irvin, W.R. (eds.), Endangered Species Act: Law, Policy, and Perspectives, second edition. American Bar Association. George, S. & Snape, W., 2010.
    • Politicizing Extinction: The Bush Administration's Dangerous Approach to Endangered Wildlife. Greenwald, N., 2007.
    • Measuring the Success of the Endangered Species Act, Recovery Trends in the Northeastern United States. Suckling, K.F., 2006.
    • Factors Affecting the Rate and Taxonomy of Species Listings under the US Endangered Species Act. In Gobel, D, Scott, M.J. & Davis, F.W. (eds.), The Endangered Species Act at Thirty: Renewing the Conservation Commitment. Island Press. Greenwald, D.N., Suckling, K.F. & Taylor, M.F.J., 2006.
    • Critical Habitat and Recovery. In: Gobel, D., Scott, M.J. & Davis, F.W. (eds.), The Endangered Species Act at Thirty: Renewing the Conservation Commitment. Island Press. Suckling, K.F. & Taylor, M.F.J., 2006.
    • The Listing Record. In Gobel, D., Scott, M.J., & Davis, F.W. (eds.), The Endangered Species Act at Thirty: Renewing the Conservation Commitment. Island Press. Greenwald, D.N., K.F. Suckling and M.F.J. Taylor, 2006. 
    • Progress or Extinction? A Systematic Review of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Endangered Species Act Listing Program. 1974-2004. Greenwald, D. N. & Suckling, K. F., 2005
    • The Effectiveness of the Endangered Species Act: A Quantitative Analysis. Taylor, M.F.J., Suckling, K.F. & Rachlinski, J.J., 2005. BioScience 55(4): 360-367.
    • Extinction and the Endangered Species Act. Suckling, K., Nowicki, B. & Slack, R., 2004.
    • A Review of the Bush Critical Habitat Record. 2003.
    • Bush Administration Attacks Endangered Species Act.
    • Safeguarding Citizen Rights Under the Endangered Species Act. Senatore, M., & Suckling, K., 2001.


BIODIVERSITY

    • Nourished by Wildfire: The Ecological Benefits of the Rim Fire and the Threat of Salvage Logging. Center for Biological Diversity and John Muir Projejct, January 2014.
   • Joining the Convention on Biological Diversity: A Legal and Scientific Overview of Why the United States Must Wake Up. Snape, B., 2010. Sustainable Development Law & Policy 10(3): 6-18.
   • Highways to Hell: A Critical Examination of the Environmental Impacts of the Security and Prosperity Partnership. Lopez, J., 2009. [3 MB version]
   • Rana Aurora (Northern Red-legged Frog) Egg Mass Disturbance. Curry, T. R., and Hayes, M. P., 2009. Herpetological Review 40(2): 208-209.
   • Greenwashing Risks to Baby-boomers Abroad: An Assessment of Available Strategies to Address “Green” Marketing Misrepresentation to U.S. Retiree Real Estate Investors Overseas. 2009.
   • Life History Diversity and Protection of the Southwestern Washington/Columbia River Distinct Population Segment of the Coastal Cutthroat Trout. Greenwald, N. & Mashuda, S., 2008.
    • Predation on the Coastal Tailed Frog (Ascaphus truei) by a Shrew (Sorex spp.) in Washington State. Lund, E., Hayes, M., Curry, T., Marsten, J. & Young, 2008. Northwestern Naturalist 89(3): 200-202.
    • Assessing Protection for Imperiled Species of Nevada, U.S.A.: Are Species Slipping Through the Cracks of Existing Protections? Greenwald, N. & Bradley, C., 2008.
    • Medicinal Plants at RiskNature's Pharmacy, Our Treasure Chest: Why We Must Preserve Our Natural Heritage. Roberson, E., 2008.
    • Species of Concern of the Tillamook Rainforest and North Coast, Oregon. Greenwald, N. & Garty, A., 2007.
    • The Bering Sea: A Biodiversity Assessment of Vertebrate Species. Greenwald, N., Callimanis, S., Garty, A. & Peters, E., 2006.
    • Saving All the Parts: Protecting Species of Northwest Old-growth Forests. Greenwald, N. & Greason, S., 2004.
    • Imperiled Western Trout and the Importance of Roadless Areas. 2001.
    • A Conservation Alternative for the Management of the Four Southern California National Forests (Los Padres, Angeles, San Bernardino, Cleveland). Penrod, K., et al., 2002.
    • Principles of Wildlife Corridor Design. Bond, M., 2003.


WILDERNESS

    • Nourished by Wildfire: The Ecological Benefits of the Rim Fire and the Threat of Salvage Logging. Center for Biological Diversity and John Muir Projejct, January 2014.
    • Groups Join Together to Confront Water-rights Issue. Mrowka, R. Desert Report (June 2011): 2, 13.
    • Saving Our National Legacy: The Future of America's Last Heritage Forests. Fink, M., Kassar, C., Matteson, M., and McKinnon, T., July 2009.
    • America's Newest Fossil Beds National Monument: Tule Springs/Upper Las Vegas Wash. Mrowka, R. and Davis, L., 2009.
    • Wild at Heart: Saving the Last of America's Backcountry. 2008.
    • Imperiled Western Trout and the Importance of Roadless Areas. 2001.
    • Protection and Conservation of Roadless Areas in the Southwest. Greenwald, N.
    • A Conservation Alternative for the Management of the Four Southern California National Forests (Los Padres, Angeles, San Bernardino, Cleveland). Penrod, K., et al., 2002.


CLIMATE CHANGE

   • Troubled Waters: Offshore Fracking's Threat to California's Ocean, Air and Seismic Stability. Center for Biological Diversity, 2014.
   • On Shaky Ground: Fracking, Acidizing, and Increased Earthquake Risk in California
. Earthworks, Center for Biological Diversity, Clean Water Action, 2014.
   • Deadly Waters: How
Rising Seas Threaten 233 Endangered Species
. Center for Biological Diversity, 2013.
   • The New Normal: Climate Change Victims in Post-Kiobel United States Federal Courts. Lopez, J., 2013. Charleston Law Review 8(1).
   • Not Just a Number: Achieving a CO2 Concentration of 350 ppm or Less to Avoid Catastrophic Climate Impacts. Center for Biological Diversity and 350.org, 2010.
   • Extinction: It's Not Just for Polar Bears. A Center for Biological Diversity and Care for the Wild International report. Wolf, S., 2010.
   • Yes, He Can: President Obama’s Power to Make an International Climate Commitment Without Waiting for Congress. Bundy, K., Cummings, B., Pardee, V. & Siegel, K., 2009.
   • 350 Reasons We Need to Get to 350: Species Threatened by Global Warming; An Interactive Installation by the Center for Biological Diversity. 2009.
   • No Reason to Wait: Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Through the Clean Air Act. Siegel, K., Snape, W., and Vespa, M., June 2009.
   • Why 350? Climate Policy Must Aim to Stabilize Greenhouse Gases at the Level Necessary to Minimize the Risk of Catastrophic Outcomes. Vespa, M., 2009. Ecology Law Currents 36(1): 185-194.
Fuel to Burn: The Climate and Public Health Implications of Off-road Vehicle Pollution in California. Kassar, C. & Spitler, P., 2008.
    • Not Too Late to Save the Polar Bear: A Rapid Action Plan to Address the Arctic Meltdown. Siegel, K., Cummings, B., Moritz, A. & Nowicki, B., 2007.
    • The California Environmental Quality Act: On the Front Lines of California’s Fight Against Global Warming. Siegel, K., Vespa, M. & Nowicki, B., 2007.


ENERGY

   • Fueling Extinction: How Dirty Energy Drives Wildlife to the Brink. Endangered Species Coalition (incl. the Center for Biological Diversity), 2012.
   • A Deadly Toll: The Gulf Oil Spill and the Unfolding Wildlife Disaster
. 2011.
   • What We Should Learn From the BP Spill. Lopez, J., 2011. Environmental Law News 20 (1): 35.
   • BP’s Well Evaded Environmental Review: Categorical Exclusion Policy Remains Unchanged. Lopez, J., 2010. Ecology Law Currents 37 (93): 93-103.
   • Corporate Profile of Salt River Project. Draffan, G., 2001.
   • Ecological and Community Problems with Biomass-to-Energy. Schulke, T.


POLLUTION

    • Dispersants: The Lesser of Two Evils or a Cure Worse Than the Disease? Kilduff, C. and Lopez, J., 2012. Ocean and Coastal Law Journal 16 (2): 375-394.
    • Endocrine-disrupting Chemical Pollution: Why the EPA Should Regulate These Chemicals Under the Clean Water Act. Lopez, J., 2010. Sustainable Development Law & Policy 10(3): 19-23.
    • Poisoning Our Imperiled Wildlife: San Francisco Bay Area Endangered Species at Risk from Pesticides. Miller, J., Miller, J., Beeland, T.D. & Bradley, C., 2006.
    • Silent Spring Revisited: Pesticide Use and Endangered Species. Litmans, B. & Miller, J, 2004.


FIRE AND FOREST RESTORATION

    • Nourished by Wildfire: The Ecological Benefits of the Rim Fire and the Threat of Salvage Logging. Center for Biological Diversity and John Muir Projejct, January 2014.
    • Influence of Pre-Fire Tree Mortality on Fire Severity in Conifer Forests of the San Bernardino Mountains, California, 2009. Bond, M., Lee, D. E., Bradley, C. & Hanson, T. Open Forest Science Journal 2:41-47.
    • Impacts of the 2003 Southern California Wildfires on Four Species Listed as Threatened or Endangered Under the Federal Endangered Species Act: Quino Checkerspot Butterfly, Mountain Yellow-legged Frog, Coastal California Gnatcatcher, Least Bell's Vireo. Bond, M. & Bradley, C., 2003.
    • Ecological Restoration of Southwestern Ponderosa Pine Ecosystems: A Broad Perspective. Allen, C.D., Savage, M., Falk, D.A., Suckling, K. F., Swetnam, T. W., Schulke, T., Stacey, P. B., Morgan, P., Hoffman, M. & Klingel, J. T., 2002. Ecological Applications 12(5): 1418-1433.
    • Prelude to Catastrophe: Recent and Historic Land Management within the Rodeo-Chedeski Fire Area.
    • Effectively Treating the Wildland-Urban Interface to Protect Houses and Communities from the Threat of Forest Fire. Nowicki, B., 2002.
    • Protection and Conservation of Roadless Areas in the Southwest. Greenwald, N.
   An Ecologically Integrated Approach to Managing Dwarf Mistletoe (Arceuthobium) in Southwest Forests. Pollock, Michael M., Ph. D.  Kieran Suckling, 1995. 
    • A Conservation Alternative for the Management of the Four Southern California National Forests (Los Padres, Angeles, San Bernardino, Cleveland). Penrod, K., et al., 2002.
    • Fire & Forest Ecosystem Health in the American Southwest. Suckling, K., 1996.

LIVESTOCK GRAZING

    • Assessing the Full Cost of the Federal Grazing Program. Moskowitz, K., & Romaniello, C., 2002.
    • Ecological Restoration of Southwestern Ponderosa Pine Ecosystems: A Broad Perspective. Allen, C.D., Savage, M., Falk, D.A., Suckling, K.F., Swetnam, T.W., Schulke, T., Stacey, P.B., Morgan, P., Hoffman, M. & Klingel, J.T., 2002. Ecological Applications 12(5): 1418-1433.
    • Cattle Grazing and the Loss of Biodiversity in the East Bay
    • Livestock Grazing, Fire Regimes, and Tree Densities: A Literature Review.

PHILOSOPHY

    • Frogs. In Bernheimer, K. (ed.), Brothers and Beasts: An Anthology of Men on Fairy Tales. Wayne State University Press. Suckling, K.F., 2007.
    • Biodiversity, Linguistic Diversity and Identity — Toward an Ecology of Language in an Age of Extinction. Suckling, K., 2000. Langscape 17: 14-20.
    • A House on Fire: Connecting the Biological and Linguistic Diversity Crises. 2002. Animal Law 6: 193-202.

Photo © John Villinski,
Abstract Southwest