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North Carolina

Taxonomy Common Name Scientific Name
Amphibians Neuse River waterdog Necturus lewisi
Chamberlain's dwarf salamander Eurycea chamberlaini
Eastern hellbender Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis
Seepage salamander Desmognathus aeneus
Amphipods Tidewater amphipod Stygobromus indentatus
Birds Eastern black rail Laterallus jamaicensis jamaicensis
Butterflies and Skippers Rare skipper Problema bulenta
Conifers and relatives Carolina hemlock Tsuga caroliniana
Crayfishes Chowanoke crayfish Orconectes virginiensis
Hiwassee headwater crayfish Cambarus parrishi
New river crayfish Cambarus chasmodactylus
Chauga crayfish Cambarus chaugaensis
Greensboro burrowing crayfish Cambarus catagius
Broad river spiney crayfish Cambarus spicatus
Little Tennessee crayfish Cambarus georgiae
Grandfather Mountain crayfish Cambarus eeseeohensis
Dragonflies and Damselflies Appalachian snaketail Ophiogomphus incurvatus
Mountain river cruiser Macromia margarita
Say's spiketail Cordulegaster sayi
Edmund's snaketail Ophiogomphus edmundo
Septima's clubtail Gomphus septima
Cherokee clubtail Gomphus consanguis
Ferns and relatives Thin-wall quillwort Isoetes microvela
Winter quillwort Isoetes hyemalis
Flowering Plants Tennessee pondweed Potamogeton tennesseensis
Cape Fear spatterdock Nuphar lutea ssp. sagittifolia
Long Beach seedbox Ludwigia brevipes
Sun-facing coneflower Rudbeckia heliopsidis
Carolina bishopweed Ptilimnium ahlesii
No common name Sarracenia purpurea var. montana
Godfrey's stitchwort Minuartia godfreyi
Hairy-peduncled beakrush Rhynchospora crinipes
Lobed barren-strawberry Waldsteinia lobata
Thorne's beakrush Rhynchospora thornei
Wire-leaved dropseed Sporobolus teretifolius
Harper's fimbristylis Fimbristylis perpusilla
Raven's seedbox Ludwigia ravenii
Georgia leadplant Amorpha georgiana var. georgiana
Purple balduina Balduina atropurpurea
Yadkin River goldenrod Solidago plumosa
Boykin's lobelia Lobelia boykinii
Bog spicebush Lindera subcoriacea
Impressed-nerved sedge Carex impressinervia
Large-flowered Barbara's-buttons Marshallia grandiflora
No common name Eupatorium paludicola
Carolina birds-in-a-nest Macbridea caroliniana
Freshwater and Anadromous Fishes Sickle darter Percina williamsi
Robust redhorse Moxostoma robustum
Carolina madtom Noturus furiosus
Orangefin madtom Noturus gilberti
Carolina pygmy sunfish Elassoma boehlkei
Sicklefin redhorse Moxostoma sp. 2
Freshwater Mussels Tennessee pigtoe Fusconaia barnesiana
Yellow lance Elliptio lanceolata
Green floater Lasmigona subviridis
Tennessee clubshell Pleurobema oviforme
Brook floater Alasmidonta varicosa
Waccamaw fatmucket Lampsilis fullerkati
Purple lilliput Toxolasma lividus
Atlantic pigtoe Fusconaia masoni
Alabama rainbow Villosa nebulosa
Savannah lilliput Toxolasma pullus
Longsolid Fusconaia subrotunda
Tennessee heelsplitter Lasmigona holstonia
Cumberland moccasinshell Medionidus conradicus
Freshwater Snails Magnificent rams-horn Planorbella magnifica
Smooth mudalia Leptoxis virgata
Hornworts A hornwort Megaceros aenigmaticus
Liverworts Sharp's leafy liverwort Plagiochila sharpii ssp. sharpii
Gorge leafy liverwort Plagiochila caduciloba
Mosses Hall's pocket moss Fissidens hallii
Appalachian fissidens moss Fissidens appalachensis
Stoneflies Smokies snowfly Allocapnia fumosa
Smokies needlefly Megaleuctra williamsae
Turtles Northern red-bellied cooter Pseudemys rubriventris

 

Trispot darter photo © Bernard Kuhajda