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Distance from Oregon standoff to D.C. isn’t that far
By Randi Spivak
It’d be easy to dismiss the armed standoff near Burns, Ore., as simply the work of fringe, anti-government fanatics. But what’s happening there is just an extension of the anti-government, anti-public land movement that’s been growing in Congress. The tactics may differ but the underlying notion is the same: dismantling our public lands – places like national forests– in favor of a system that prizes profits over conservation.
For several years, there’s been a concerted effort in Congress – which has gained some steam with Rep. Rob Bishop (R-Utah) at the helm of the House Natural Resources Committee – to hand federal land over to the states. The inevitable result, would be that these lands would be opened up for more logging, mining, grazing, fossil fuel development and anything else that cuts a profit for a few (and ignores the natural value for many).
While people like Bishop and several Republican presidential candidates have rightly condemned the dangerous tactics of those in the Oregon standoff, they can’t distance themselves from the movement that’s been pushing to “give back” or “transfer” federal lands to the states.
Their very concept is premised on a serious flaw. America’s federal public lands — our national forests, national parks and the Bureau of Land Management’s grasslands, sagebrush steppe and deserts – never belonged to the states to begin with. When western states entered into the compact of statehood with the United States, in exchange for receiving a very large amount of federal public land among other stipulations, they agreed to forever disclaim all right and title to those federal public lands.
As to transferring federal public lands to Western states, that would be tantamount to U.S. taxpayers handing over $1.0 trillion worth of land and assets. Assuming a conservative value of $1,500 per acre, multiply that by the total federal public lands of 674 million acres = $1.0 trillion at fair market value. Importantly, that figure doesn’t begin to account for the incalculable value of watersheds and water supplies (our national forests produce half of the water in the West), wildlife habitat, carbon stored in soils, plants and trees, flood control, and recreation and tourism revenue.
Make no mistake, if our federal public lands were given to the states – the intent is to privatize and sell to the highest bidder America’s natural legacy. Sens. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.), Ted Cruz (R-Texas) and Rand Paul (R-Ky.), as well as the likes of Bishop, intend to turn these irreplaceable lands over to those who view them only as sources of profit for mining, logging, grazing and burning fossil fuels.
The states would have to privatize these lands, not only because they want the money, but also because they can’t afford to manage them. The fact is the federal government provides very large subsidies to the livestock industry, timber, mining and fossil fuels. The very reason that the national forests came into being was to protect lands and watersheds from robber barons who were stripping the West of its natural resources. The very reason we have laws today that govern federal public lands was to turn the tide against extractive industries and their rapacious appetite for oil, gas, minerals and timber while laying waste our forests, rivers and streams.
The Malheur National Wildlife Refuge in Oregon, for example, is a critically important area for many unique species of birds that frequent the Pacific Flyway. Visitors to refuge contribute $1.9 million annually into the local economy. Those at the center of the controversy in Oregon, including the Bundy and Hammond families, have used public lands to graze their livestock. The public land grazing industry pays just $1.69 per animal per month for each cow and calf that grazes the public land unit (it costs more to feed a cat). In 2013, the federal grazing fees were just 6.72 percent of fees charged for non-irrigated Western private grazing, and were $125 million less than what the government spent on the livestock grazing program in 2014 according to a report by natural resource economists that analyzed the costs of livestock grazing on public lands commissioned by the Center for Biological Diversity.
We all own these public lands and we should all have a say in how they’re managed. What’s happening in Oregon is deplorable – armed seizure of a federal building to bully the government and threaten violence – but there’s a larger movement here in D.C. that, for the future of our public lands, is deeply troubling as well. Once you privatize our irreplaceable natural heritage, there’s no going back.
Spivak (email@example.com) is the public lands program director for the Center for Biological Diversity.
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This article originally appeared here.