[1] U.S. Fish and Wildife Service. 2003. Draft Revised Recovery Plans for Hawaiian Forest Birds. Portland, OR.
[2] U.S. Fish and Wildife Service. 2005. Threatened and Endangered Animals in the Hawaiian Island: Palila / Loxiodes bailleui. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website (www.fws.gov/pacific/pacificislands/wesa/palila.html) accessed February 14, 2005.